The fortress stands on two hilltops above a wide valley, and was built in 970 by Hamdan Bin Al-Hasan Nasır Al-Debla Bin Abdullah bin Hamdan. The structure measures 400 meters across from east to west, and is 30-60 meters wide.
There are 14 towers and 2 watchtowers. The single gate on the southern façade opens onto the main courtyard. The southern tower overlooking the Syrian Plain is stillstanding.